image gently child appendicitis

Contrast MRI for Perforated, Non-Perforated Pediatric Appendicitis

Contrast-enhanced MRI can differentiate between perforated and non-perforated appendicitis among children, and may help guide management decisions in the work-up of pediatric appendicitis, according to a study published in Pediatric Radiology. Researchers from New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, in New York, performed a retrospective review to assess the performance of MRI in differentiating perforated from […]

Imaging in Child Abuse

Caffey’s landmark article of 1946 noted an association between healing long-bone fractures and chronic subdural hematomas in infancy, and it was the first to draw attention to physical abuse as a unifying etiology. [1] In 1962, Caffey and Kempe et al proposed manhandling and violent shaking as mechanisms of injury and emphasized the acute and […]

Brain MRI findings in pediatric patients post ECMO

Neurologic complications can occur with ECMO due to several factors. Prior studies identified neonates as having unique risk factors and neuro-imaging findings post-ECMO. The aim of this study is to describe brain MRI findings of pediatric patients treated with ECMO. We conducted a retrospective study of non-neonatal pediatric patients who underwent a comprehensive brain MRI […]

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Association between Testicular Microlithiasis and Testicular Neoplasia: Large Multicenter Study in a Pediatric Population

Purpose To retrospectively define the strength of association between testicular microlithiasis and testicular neoplasia in a large geographically diverse pediatric population. Materials and Methods Retrospective review of scrotal ultrasonographic (US) examination reports and pathology specimens obtained between January 2000 and May 2014 at six academic pediatric hospitals in North America was performed. Reported cases were […]

Image gently pediatric Diffusion-Tensor Imaging of the Physes

Diffusion-Tensor Imaging of the Physes: A Possible Biomarker for Skeletal Growth—Experience with 151 Children

Purpose To determine the changes of diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography in the distal femur and proximal tibia related to age, sex, and height. Materials and Methods Following institutional review board approval, with waiver of consent and with HIPAA compliance, the authors retrospectively analyzed DTI images of the knee in 151 children, 73 girls (median […]