Radiology report “disclaimers” increase the use of abdominal CT in the work-up of pediatric abdominal pain

By: Scott Alter, MD; Bria Walsh, MD; Patrick Lenehan, MD; Richard Shih, MD Abstract Objective Pediatric abdominal pain is commonly evaluated in the emergency department (ED) initially by ultrasonography (U/S). Radiology reports often include commentary about U/S limitations and possible need for additional testing or evaluation independent of study interpretation. We sought to determine if […]

Disparities in Radiation Burden from Trauma Evaluation at Pediatric Versus Nonpediatric Institutions

By: Daniel Lodwick MD, MS, Jennifer Cooper MS, Phd, Dani Gonzalez MD, Amy Lawrence MD, Choonsik Lee PhD, Rajesh Krishnamurthy MD, Peter Minneci MD, MHSc, Katherine Deans MD, MHSc Abstract Background Computed tomography (CT) imaging protocols and prescribing practices vary across institutions. Pediatric trauma patients imaged at a pediatric trauma center (PTC) may receive less […]

A snapshot of patients’ awareness of radiation dose and risks associated with medical imaging examinations at an Australian radiology clinic

By: N. Singh, A. Mohacsy, D.A. Connell, M.E. Schneider Highlights •Patients’ awareness regarding imaging radiation dose and risks is overall poor. •Most patients receive little to no information by their referring doctor regarding dose and risks. •Awareness of dose and risks can facilitate shared decision making and reduce unnecessary radiation exposure. •Findings may guide future […]

Hospital type predicts computed tomography use for pediatric appendicitis

By:  kathryn Tinsley Anderson, Marisa A. Bartz-Kurycki, Mary T. Austin, Akemi L. Kawaguchi, Lillian S. Kao, Kevin P. Lally, Kuojen Tsao Abstract Background Evidence-based guidelines recommend ultrasound (US) over computed tomography (CT) as the primary imaging modality for suspected pediatricappendicitis. Continued high rates of CT use may result in significant unnecessary radiation exposure in children. The purpose of this study […]

Cumulative radiation dose estimates from medical imaging in paediatric patients with non-oncologic chronic illnesses. A systematic review

By:  Marco Branbilla, Andreana De Mauri, Domenico Lizio, Lucia Leva, Alessandro Carriero, Clara Carpeggiani, Eugenio Picano Introduction The use of diagnostic imaging procedures with ionizing radiation and, in particular, of computed tomography (CT) in childrenrepresents a great benefit for the diagnosis and treatment of benignand malignant conditions.The population-based rates of the use of diagnostic imagingprocedures […]

Benefit-risk communication in paediatric imaging: What do referring physicians, radiographers and radiologists think, say and do?

By:  J. L. Portelli, J. P. McNulty, P. Bezzina, L. Rainford Abstract To assess how referrers and practitioners disclose benefit-risk information about medical imaging examinations to paediatric patients and their parents/guardians; to gauge their confidence in doing so; and to seek their opinion about who is responsible for disclosing such information. Methods This study followed on from a previously […]